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Overtime Pay Must Be Paid in Cash in Thailand 泰國加班費必須以現金支付

When working in Thailand, it is important to know whether overtime pay can be paid in cash, and whether overtime pay can be compensated for another holiday. In January 2021, the Office of Welfare and Labor Protection in Thailand had confirmed that the overtime pay CAN NOT be paid as a “Day-Off” for the employees to enjoy.

在泰國工作時,了解加班費是否可以以現金給付是件重要的事情,以及加班費可否以另外的假日補償。泰國勞工保護與福利部辦公室於2021年1月確認,加班費不能作為“休假”支付給員工享用。


According to Section 23 of the Labor Protection Act B.E. 2541(1981), it has laid out the rules in regard to the work hour limitation for the normal employee to be “No more than 8 hours a day, no more than 48 hours a week”. When an employer wants an employee to work on the hours exceeded the “normal working” hours, it will be deemed as the “Overtime Hour” where, according to Section 61, the employee will be entitled to “one and a half” (1.5) rate of the normal working hour.

根據佛曆2541年(1981)勞動保護法第23條規定,正常員工的工作時間限制為“每天不超過8小時、每週不超過48小時”。當雇主希望員工的工作時間超過“正常工作”時間,將被視為“加班時間”,根據第 61 條規定,員工將有權獲得“一點五” (1.5)正常工作時間的費率。


For example, Mr. A is working as a factory worker and receiving wages on a day-by-day basis, receiving 100 THB/per hour during the normal work day. Mr. A will be entitled to 800 THB every day if he works for the full working hour/day. However, If Mr. A’s works exceeded the normal hours a day and works for 10 hours in one day, he will receive “1,100 THB” for that day. (800 THB for normal 8 hours of work in normal hours, 300 THB from the normal wages (100 THB) * Overtime rate as prescribed by law (1.5) * exceeded working hours from the normal work hour (2 hours).

例如,A 先生是一名工廠工人,按日領取工資,在正常工作日每小時領取100 泰銖。如果 A 先生每天工作8小時,他每天將有權獲得 800 泰銖。但是,如果A先生每天工作時數超過正常時間,並且一天工作10個小時,當天工資可領取“1,100泰銖”。 (正常工作 8 小時 800 泰銖,正常工資 300 泰銖 (100 泰銖) * 法律規定的加班費 (1.5)* 超出正常工作時間 (2 小時) 的工作時間。


However, in some circumstances, an employer would deploy the tactics instead of paying the wages that the employee is due for, and the employer would do an “extra day-off” for the employee to enjoy instead of payment. This could come in the form of a certain work hour threshold that, if the employee reaches a certain point, the day-off will be granted to the employee. Such practices are deemed against the Labor protection act, as the day-off could not be granted under certain circumstances accordingly to the employee’s overtime hour. It must be paid in the form of extra wages only as per the announcement made by the Department of Labor Protection and Welfare, all forms of overtime cannot be paid in the form of an extra day off.

然而在某些情況,雇主會採用代替支付員工應得工資的策略,雇主會為員工提供“額外的休息日”而非支付報酬。這可能為某個工作時間門檻,如果員工達到某個點,將讓員工休假。這種做法被視為違反《泰國勞動保護法》,因為在某些情況下,不能根據員工的加班時間給予休假。必須按照泰國勞工保護與福利部的公告以加班費形式支付,所有形式的加班不能以休假形式給付。


Any employer who violates these rules of overtime payment will be deemed to violate Section 61 of the Labor Protection Act. Such offenses have a criminal punishment, according to Section 144 (1) of imprisonment of no more than 6 months or a fine of no more than 100,000 THB or Both.

任何違反這些加班費規則的雇主將被視為違反《泰國勞動保護法》第 61 條。根據第144 (1)條規定,此類罪行可處以不超過 6 個月的監禁或不超過 100,000 泰銖的罰款、或兩者併罰。


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