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What You Should Know About Thai Marital Assets Division Part I 您應該知道的泰國婚姻財產分割第一篇

Updated: May 11

When couple decided to get divorced in Thailand, it is important to understand regulations of marital assets separation under Thai laws, especially when there is no prenuptial agreement prior to marriage. Normally property gain during marriage is marital assets, and it does not matter which spouse holds title of the property. Following is definition of marital and non-marital assets under Thai laws:


當兩個人在泰國決定離婚,了解泰國法律規定的婚姻財產分配是件重要的事情,尤其是當夫妻沒有事前簽署婚前協議。一般來說婚姻中增加的財產為婚姻財產,不論是否有夫妻的名義。以下為泰國法律定義的婚姻及非婚姻財產:

Sin Somros means:[1]

Sin Somros (婚姻財產)是:


Ø Property acquired during marriage;

婚姻中獲得的財產;

Ø Property acquired by either spouse during marriage through a will or gift made in writing if it is declared by such will or document or gift to be Sin Somros;

夫妻的一方在婚姻當中經由書面遺屬或贈與表明之Sin Somros財產;

Ø Fruits of Sin Suan Tua.

Sin Suan Tua(非婚姻財產)產生的孳息。


In case there is doubt as to whether an asset should be considered as marital property, the law provides that it shall be presumed to be marital property. If either spouse disposes marital assets for his or her own benefit or intends to cause damage to the other spouse, the spouse at fault by law should compensate the other spouse by using the at fault spouse’s non-marital assets.[2] Or if in the event that the other spouse does not give consent to do the juristic act, the spouse who does not give such consent can apply to the court for the court to order the revocation of the juristic act in which he/she has not given his/her consent.[3] One thing should be bear in mind that it is prohibited for foreigners to own land in Thailand, so the land must become a Sin Suan Tua in cross-country marriage.


如果對於財產是否是為婚姻財產有疑慮,泰國法律規定應推定為婚姻財產。如果配偶一方為自己的利益處分婚姻財產或意圖對另一方造成損害,有過錯的配偶應依法使用自己的非婚姻財產補償另一方。或者,如果另一方配偶不同意法律處分,可以向法院申請命令撤銷不同意的法律處分。需要注意的是外國人不允許擁有泰國土地,所以在跨國婚姻中土地為非婚姻財產。

[1] Section 1474 of the Civil and Commercial Code. [2] Section 1534 of the Civil and Commercial Code. [3] Section 1480 of the Civil and Commercial Code.


https://www.ibc-firm.com/post/what-you-should-know-about-thai-marital-assets-division-part-ii-您應該知道的泰國婚姻財產分割第二篇


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