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What You Should Know About Divorce Settlement in Thailand 您應該知道的泰國離婚協議

When getting divorce in Thailand, part of the process is to draft divorce settlement. Generally, divorce settlement contains provisions in relation to the terms of sharing assets, child, custody, support, visitation rights, alimony, and other important matters.

在泰國離婚時,一部分的過程是擬定泰國離婚協議。一般而言,離婚協議包含有關共享資產、子女、監護權和撫養費、探視權、贍養費和其他重要事項的條款。


Divorce settlement should be signed by both parties in the presence of two witnesses. Such witness can be Thai or foreigners, but must be over 20 years or older, with a sound of mind and have never been bankrupt before. According to Supreme Court No. 417/2494, the two witnesses are not required to be present at the same time; however, they must acknowledge who and what document they have signed.

離婚協議應由雙方在兩名證人在場的情況下簽署。證人可以是泰國人或外國人,但必須年滿20歲、精神健全且從未破產過的成年人。根據最高法院第 417/2494號,兩名證人無需同時出席;但是,他們必須承認簽署人以及他們的簽署內容。


Furthermore, divorce settlement can be used as court record or administrative record for either the court to order the divorce or the amphur to register the divorce. It helps preventing any future dispute arising between the divorce parties. Please be noted that both parties have to attend the district office personally for the divorce registration. Lawyers cannot act on behalf of the spouses for this kind of divorce even by power of attorney. According to Supreme Court No. 215/2519, even if both parties have entered into a divorce settlement with two witnesses, it will not take effect as deemed to be completed if it is not registered at district office.

此外,離婚協議可以用作法院記錄或行政記錄,供法院下令離婚或在縣政府登記離婚。離婚協議有助於防止離婚的雙方未來發生任何糾紛。請注意,雙方必須親自到縣辦公室辦理離婚登記。即使有授權書,律師也不能代表配偶處理這種離婚。根據最高法院第 215/2519 號,即使雙方已經與兩名證人簽署離婚協議,如果沒有在縣辦公室登記,協議也不會完成生效。


In addition, according to Section 1453 of Thai Marriage Law, female whose marriage is terminated, or spouse passes way, she has to wait for 310 days before getting married again. This period is to prevent child from previous marriage being born during the second marriage, which may lead of confusion of the biological father of the child.

此外,根據《泰國婚姻法》第1453條,女性終止婚姻或配偶過世後,必須等待310天才能再次結婚。這段時間是為了防止前一段婚姻的孩子在第二段婚姻出生,可能導致孩子的生父混淆。


In the case of a prenuptial agreement, the terms/conditions the parties agree in the divorce settlement should also be consistent with the prenuptial clauses previously agreed upon, unless both parties have agreed to a different arrangement from the prenuptial agreement.

如果是婚前協議,雙方在本離婚備忘錄中同意的條款/條件也應與之前約定的婚前條款一致,除非雙方同意與婚前協議不同的安排。


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