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What You Should Know About Cheque Offences in Thailand 您應該知道的泰國支票犯罪

Nowadays cheques are commonly used by people in general and legal entities to deal with numerous of transactions. There are some countries where a bounced cheque or cheques with insufficient funds in the account, considered illegal. However, in Thailand, it is an offense. Offenses are divided into Criminal parts and Civil Part where the person who committed the act can either be incarcerated in either of the two.


In accordance to Section 4 of the Offense Arising of the Use of Cheque Act B.E.2534 stipulates that, any person who issues a cheque for payment of debt that truly exists and is legally enforceable with any of the following characteristics or actions when a cheque has been submitted lawfully for payment of money, if the bank refuses to pay, the issuer shall be liable of penalty of not exceeding sixty thousand baht or imprisonment for not more than one year or both fine and imprisonment:


(1) Intends not to let the payment according to cheque to go through;


(2) At the time of issuing the cheque, there was no money in the account which should be available for payment;


(3) issues a cheque to pay for debt in the amount higher than the amount in the account which should be paid at the time of issuing the cheque;


(4) withdraws all or part of the money from the account in which the cheque should be paid until the remaining amount is insufficient to use the cheque;


(5) Prohibits the bank from making payment according to the cheque with fraudulent intent.


Criminal Procedure


Section 7 of the Use of Cheque Act B.E.2534: if the offender under Section 4 makes payment of cheque to the holder or to a banker within thirty days from the date on which the drawer receives the written notice from the holder notifying that a banker refuses to pay such cheque or the obligation which the court passes the final judgment, it shall be deemed the offence.

佛曆2534年《使用支票產生的犯罪法》第7條: 如果第4條規定的罪犯在開票人收到持票人書面通知,表示銀行拒絕兌現支票、或是法院通過的義務之日起30天內向持有人或銀行支付支票,視為犯罪。

Civil Procedure


Section 8 of the Use of Cheque Act B.E.2534: if the amount of each cheque or the amount of several cheques altogether, does not exceed the amount, which a single judge is empowered to try and adjudicate in a civil case, the filing of a civil case to demand the payment of cheque may be included in the prosecution of the criminal case to the court trying the criminal case. The trial of the civil case shall be preceded.


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《使用支票產生的犯罪法》規定的處罰被廢除,如果支票開票人有詐騙支票收票人的意圖,法律本身仍然有依據《泰國刑法》第341條懲罰違規者的機制,根據“欺詐”罪處以最高 3 年監禁或不超過 60,000 泰銖的罰款、或兩者併罰。

當發生泰國商標侵權,註冊商標所有人或被授權人可以提起行政訴訟和司法訴訟,司法訴訟包括民事和刑事訴訟。當提起司法訴訟,刑法佔多數,因為具有成本效益、快速和有效的補救措施。例如,根據《佛曆2534年泰國商標法》第108條,商標侵權的最高刑罰是四年監禁和 40 萬泰銖罰款。