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Law Enforcement in Thailand 泰國執行法

Law enforcement is the activity of some members of government who act in an organized manner to enforce the law by discovering, deterring, rehabilitating, or punishing people who violate the rules and governing norms of that society. The primary duties of law enforcement includes the investigation, apprehension, and detention of individuals suspected of legal offenses. The purpose of law enforcement is to protect communities to hold individuals accountable and to ensure justice. In Thailand, Legal Execution Department was established as Civil Execution Division and the Bankruptcy Execution Division under the office of the permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Justice. In 1974, Thai government passed the Act to amend Declaration of the Revolutionary Council No. 216, which combined Civil Execution Division and Bankruptcy Execution Division into the Legal Execution Department under Ministry of Justice.


Currently, the Legal Execution Department consists of two operational offices in charge of two main missions, which are enforcement of civil judgments and administration of bankruptcy and business reorganization cases. The offices which performs former mission are located in Bangkok 6 offices (Civil Case Enforcement Bangkok Office 1-7), and other 111 offices are located throughout Thailand. The offices responsible for the latter mission consist of 6 divisions.


In general, Legal Execution Department performs following roles:


1. Provide services in:


Ø Civil case enforcement 民事件執行

Ø Bankruptcy case administration 破產案件執行

Ø Reorganization 企業重組

Ø Liquidation 清算

Ø Property deposit 財產保全

2. Provide legal information concerning legal execution and property deposit to the public;


3. Provide mediation service at enforcement phase (post-judicial mediation);


4. Standardize and improve the practices nationwide;


5. Modernize laws and regulations related to our functions to cope with the social and economic development;


6. Develop effective process and administration to increase efficiency by using more IT;


7. Equip the officers with knowledge and ability at professional level – capacity building.


In addition, Legal Execution Department acts differently in below cases.


Civil cases enforcement 民事件執行

Thai civil court’s judgement can be enforced through attaining a write of execution issued by the said court for seizure of property, attachment of claims, or other execution measures. Under such writ, legal execution officer is appointed to carry out execution measures as applied for by the judgement creditors and approved by the court.


The Civil Case Enforcement Bangkok Office is open for proceeding convenience with execution including property seizure, eviction, demolition, attachment, disposal and deposit of property.


Please be noted that Thailand is not a party to any convention or treaty for recognition or enforcement of any judgement attained in foreign countries. A party can initiate new court proceedings and enter a foreign court’s judgement as persuasive evidence to support a claim.


Below is flowchart of different enforcement procedure:


Bankruptcy Service 破產服務

Bankruptcy is when a person or juristic person is in a state of “insolvency” or has a lot of debt and is not qualified to pay debts. In order to be in bankruptcy, it must be filed for bankruptcy first in order to make every process fair from both the debtor and creditor side.


By virtue of the Bankruptcy Act B.E. 2483 (A.D. 1940), upon receivership, the official receivers have the responsibilities to:


Publish the court orders, take control of the business and property examine proof of claims convene the meeting of creditors, dispose the debtor’s property via public auction or other means distribute dividends among creditors.


Please be noted that the creditors must be owed more than two million baht by a corporate debtor, or more than one million baht by an individual debtor.

請注意,公司債務人欠債權人的債務必須超過 200 萬泰銖,個人債務人的債務必須超過 100 萬泰銖。

For more detail of the bankruptcy proceeding, please also refer to our article “Bankruptcy Proceedings in Thailand Part 1” at and “Bankruptcy Proceedings in Thailand Part II” at

有關破產程序的更多資訊,請參考我們的文章“泰國破產程序 第一篇” 在 以及 “泰國破產程序 第二篇” at

Below is flowchart of the procedure:


Property Deposit Service 財產保全服務

The service is based on the provisions under Section 331-339 of Thai Civil and Commercial Code. The debtor or a third party, when the creditor refuses or is unable to accept performance, or the creditor’s identity cannot be ascertained, can deposit the property under obligation at Civil Case Enforcement Bangkok Office 1-6 and Provincial Legal Execution Offices nationwide.

該服務基於《泰國民商法》第 331-339 條的規定。債務人或第三人在債權人拒絕或不能接受履行、或無法確定債權人身份時,可以將債務財產存放在曼谷民事案件執法辦公室1-6和全國省級法律執行辦公室。

Please be noted that below property is not recommended to be deposited:


1. Property which is not suitable to be deposited or is prone to deterioration or damage, such as ice crafted in different designs for wedding reception decoration;


2. Property with high maintenance cost;


3. Economic building, hotel, condo, electric appliance, property hard to be moved, oil or inflammables.


Below is flowchart of the procedure:


Reorganization Service 企業重組服務

Reorganization is part of bankruptcy law. The objective is to help debtors who are experiencing temporary financial liquidity problems to have an opportunity to resume business operations without going into the bankruptcy process.


By virtue of Bankruptcy Act B.E. 2483 (A.D. 1940), upon the reorganization order, the official receiver has the responsibility to:


Convene the meeting of creditors, examine proof of claims, assist the court in monitoring the progress or the plan administration.


For more detail of the business reorganization proceeding, please also refer to our article “Introduction of Corporate Reorganization in Thailand” at


Below is flowchart of the procedure:


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