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Types of Shares in Thai Companies 泰國公司的股票類型

Updated: Sep 1, 2020

Under Section 1096 of the Thai Civil and Commercial Code, there are two types of shares, ordinary and preference shares. Shareholder of these two types of shares have the rights to be presented at any general meeting with voting power. The following is our brief introduction of these two types of shares:


Ordinary Shares

Shareholders receive shares of any profits are those with fully paid up capital. In addition, they receive one voting right per share. Furthermore, when they sell their shares, or when the company decides to proceed with liquidation and the assets are more than its debts and liabilities, the initial investment will be returned.



Preference Shares

The preference shareholder's position is similar to half shareholder and half creditor. Therefore, it might not have the right or less right to vote in the shareholders' meeting depending on the content of Article of Association, but has the right over ordinary shareholders to receive dividends paid from the company's profits and to receive the capital return on the company's assets. In addition, this type of shareholder has some privilege. For example, the shareholders receive shares of any profits even without paying the actual shares, and do receive profits before ordinary shareholders. Also, they can have more than one vote per share, such as ten votes, which is indicated in company’s article of association. When the company decides to proceed with liquidation, the company will first refund initial investment from preference shareholders before ordinary shareholders. In this condition, if there are not enough funds, the ordinary shareholders may only be partly paid or may end up not receiving any fund.



IBC International Business Consultancy is a law, finance and accounting firm located in Bangkok, Thailand with experienced lawyers, accountants, and financial advisers. We provide services including investment, tax and legal advice in Thailand.

IBC泰國法律金融會計事務所 (International Business Consultancy) 為一間位於曼谷的泰國法律金融會計事務所,由經驗豐富的律師、會計師、及財務顧問組成,可提供泰國投資、泰國稅收及泰國法律諮詢等服務。

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