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Procedure of Trademark Registration in U.S.美國商標申請流程介紹

In order to register trademark in U.S., it must be used for commercial purpose in such country. To show the evidence of trademark was being used in the U.S. can be either done by showing the time of trademark registration, or before the trademark was granted and ready to be registered. The time of submitting use of trademark evidence in the U.S. would have two different filing procedures. The place for handling trademark matters is called United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”).

美國商標採使用主義,商標註冊前必須在美國有商業使用之事實。提交商標使用證據的時間點可為「提交註冊申請時」或「公告後、領證前」,依據提交使用證據的時間點會使商標有兩種申請流程。受理美國商標事務的單位為美國專利商標局(“USPTO”)。

A. Submiting Evidecne of Use at Filing Stage

申請時提交使用證據

The applicant can submit trademark usage evidence in U.S. when filing registration application. Once the application is filed, it will undergo formality and substantive examination. If the examiner finds any deficiencies, an office action will be issued, and the applicant is required to respond within a limited time.

商標申請時可一併提交商標使用證據。案件提交申請後會進入形式及實質審查。如審查員發現任何形式或實質上的問題,會發出核駁通知,申請人須限期提交答辯意見。

If the argument is convincible, the application will be granted for publication; if not, a final office action will be issued, and the applicant can choose either (or both) filing an argument or filing an appeal before Trademark Trial and Appeal Board(”TTAB”). If no opposition is filed during publication, a trademark will be registered.

如答辯成功,案件會核准公告;如答辯駁回,USPTO會發出最終核駁通知,申請人可提交答辯或∕及向TTAB提交訴願。商標公告期間如無人異議會核准領證。

Following is filing procedure for this condition[1]

下圖為申請階段提交使用證據的美國商標流程圖



B. Submiting Evidecne of Use After Being Published

公告後、領證前提交商標使用證據

If a trademark hasn’t been used for commercial use in the U.S. at filing stage, registration application still can be filed. It’s just that the filing procedure is slightly different from the first condition.

如果商標尚未在美國進行商業上的使用,仍可提交商標註冊申請,只是申請流程會跟第一種狀況不太一樣。

When such trademark is published, if no opposition is filed, USPTO will issue Notice of Allowance, and the applicant is required to submit Statement of Use within 6 months. If trademark usage evidence is accepted, the trademark will be registered; if not, an office action will be issue, and the applicant is required to submit acceptable evidence within a limited time.

商標在公告期間如無人異議,USPTO會發函請申請人於6個月內提交商標使用證據。如使用證據符合規定,案件會核准領證;反之,如證據未達到標準,USPTO會發出核駁通知,請申請人限期提交適合的商標使用證據。

Following is filing procedure for this condition[2]

下圖為商標在領證前提交使用證據的流程圖

[1].https://www.uspto.gov/trademark/trademark-timelines/section-1a-timeline-application-based-use-commerce [2].https://www.uspto.gov/trademark/trademark-timelines/section-1b-timeline-application-based-intent-use

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