• Admin

Patent Litigation in Thailand 泰國專利訴訟

According to section 36 under Thai Patent Act B.E. 2542 (1999), “No other person except the patentee shall have following rights: (1) where the subject matter of a patent is a product, the right to produce, use, sell, have in the possession for sale, offer for sale or import the patent product; (2) where the subject matter of a patent is a process, the right to use the patent process, to produce, use, sell, have in the possession for sale, offer for sale or import the product produced by the patent process.” Therefore, if anyone conduct actions above without the consent of patentee, he/she definitely infringes others patent rights. Patent litigation can be done via civil or criminal lawsuit depending on the situation.

依據佛曆2542年(西元1999年)《泰國專利法》第36條規定,除專利權人之外,任何人不得享有以下權利:(1)專利標的物為產品,生產、使用、銷售、為銷售目的而占有,以及許諾銷售或者進口專利產品的權利;(2)專利標的物為方法,使用專利方法的權利,以及生產、使用、銷售、為銷售目的而占有,以及許諾銷售或者進口採用專利方法生產的產品的權利。因此,違反前述條款無疑侵犯他人專利權,專利侵權可採民事或刑事訴訟,依照事實認定。

When a defendant receives notice from Central Intellectual Property and International Trade Court,[1] he can submit an argument of non-infringement and/or patent invalidity.

被告收到中央智慧財產權和國際貿易法院的通知時,可以未侵權及/或專利無效為理由進行答辯。

Following are grounds for non-infringement and patent invalidity under Thai Patent Act:

以下為《泰國專利法》規定的未侵權以及專利無效理由:

Defense for non-infringement based on section 36 under Patent Act B.E. 2542 (1999)

《泰國專利法》第36條規定的未侵權事項:

(1) any act for the purpose of study, research, experimentation or analysis, provided that it does not unreasonably conflict with a normal exploitation of the patent and do not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the patent owner;

(1) 以學習、研究、實驗或分析為目的的任何行為,只要該行為與專利的正常開發沒有不合理的衝突且未無理地損害專利所有人的合法權益;

(2) the production of the patented product or use of the patented process, provided that the producer or user, in good faith and without knowing or having no reasonable cause to know about the patent application, has engaged in the production or has acquired the equipment therefore prior to the date of filing of the patent application in Thailand, Section 19bis not applicable hereto;

(2) 生產專利產品或是使用專利方法,但生產者或使用者真的不知道或沒有合理的理由知道此專利已提出申請,已從事專利產品的生產或已經獲得產品的使用權。因此,第19bis條不使用於提交專利申請之前的產品;

(3) the compounding of a drug specifically to fill a doctor’s prescription by a professional pharmacist or medical practitioner, including any act done to such pharmaceutical product;

(3) 專門配合專業藥劑師或醫學從業者開處方籤的藥物,包括對該藥物所做的任何行為;

(4) any act concerning an application for pharmaceutical registration, the applicant intending to produce, distribute or import the patented pharmaceutical product after the expiration of the patent term;

(4) 與藥物註冊有關的任何行為,申請人有意在專利權屆滿後生產、分銷或進口已註冊專利藥品;

(5) the use of a device forming the subject of a patent in the body of a vessel or other accessories of a vessel of a country party to an international convention or agreement on patent protection to which Thailand is also party, when such a vessel temporarily or accidentally enters the waters of Thailand, provided that such a device is used there exclusively for the needs of the vessel;

(5) 泰國也是締約國的國際專利保護公約或協定的某國船或船舶的其他附件,構成專利標地的設備暫時或意外進入泰國水域,但此設備僅於此用於滿足船舶需要;

(6) the use of a device forming the subject of a patent in the construction or other accessories of an aircraft or a land vehicle of a country party to an international convention or agreement on patent protection to which Thailand is also party, when such aircraft or land vehicle temporarily or accidentally enters Thailand;

(6) 泰國也是締約國的國際專利保護公約或協定的某國飛機或陸地車輛的零件或其他配件,構成專利標地的設備暫時或意外進入泰國;

(7) the use, sale, having in possession for sale, offering for sale or importation of a patented product when it has been produced or sold with the authorization or consent of the patentee.

(7) 專利權人授權或同意生產、使用、銷售、為銷售目的而占有,以及許諾銷售或者進口專利產品。

Defense for patent invalidity: According to section 54 under Thai Patent Act, “Any patent granted not in compliance with the provisions of Section 5, 9, 10, 11 or section 14 shall be invalid.”

專利無效理由:依據《泰國專利法》第54條,違反第5、9、10、11或14條的專利將視為無效。

(1) the patented invention is not new;

(1) 不具有新穎性;

(2) the patented invention does not have an inventive step;

(2) 不具有進步性;

(3) the patented invention is incapable of industrial application;

(3) 不具有產業利用性;

(4) the patented invention constitutes a non-patentable subject matter;

(4) 此發明專利包含不可專利事項;

(5) the patentee is not the true inventor or has no right to file the patent application.

(5) 專利權人不是真正的發明人或者無權提出專利申請。

A trial will include at least is adjudicated by at least two career judges and one lay judge[2]. In the event of patent infringement, the registered patent owner can exercise

their rights in accordance of Section 85 of Patent Act B.E.1979 which imposes penalties for infringers of invention patents with imprisonment for a term of not exceeding 2 years or to a fine not exceeding 400,000 baht, or to both depending on the violation.

中央智慧財產權和國際貿易法院審判由至少兩名法官和一名非專業法官裁決。在發生專利侵權的情況下,註冊的專利所有人可以依據《泰國專利法》第85條行使侵權主張,發明專利的侵權者得處以不超過2年的有期徒刑或不超過40萬泰銖的罰款,或兩者併罰,視違法行為而定。


[1] It is a specialized court handling intellectual property and international trade cases. [2] Section 19 under The Act for the Establishment of and Procedures for the Intellectual Property and International Trade Court B.E. 2539 (1996) #泰國專利訴訟 #泰國專利 #泰國專利法 #專利訴訟 #中央智慧財產權和國際貿易法院 #泰國智慧財產權 #泰國發明 #泰國稅務 #泰國律師 #台灣律師 #泰國律師事務所 #泰國法律 #泰國會計師 #泰國會計師事務所 #IBC泰國法律金融會計事務所 #泰國中文律師 #thailandpatentlitigation #thailandpatent #thailandpatentact #patentlitigation #centralintellectualpropertyandinternationaltradecourt #thailandintellectualpropertyright #thailandinvention #thaitax #thailawyer #taiwanlawyer #thailawfirm #thailaw #thaiaccountant #thaiaccountingfirm #IBCFIRM

75 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All

在計算和向稅務官員申報泰國增值稅時,主要有兩種類型的增值稅,為“進項增值稅”,這是為“購買”商品和服務而產生,包括提供或執行的商品或服務的進口在泰國境內,因向另一方“銷售”商品和服務而產生的“銷項增值稅”將直接徵收,或者可以在提供商品或服務時由註冊增值稅的個人向其“買方”徵收。

本次泰國民商法修法重點 1. 發起人的最低人數從三個人減少到兩個人 2. 公司必須在登記章程後3年內成立,否則視為無效 3. 董事會會議現在可以以電子方式召開,除非公司章程禁止此方式 4. 會議的法定人數將減少到兩名股東或代理人 5. 有限公司的合併必須經股東特別會議批准