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Filing Divorce in Thailand 在泰國提起離婚訴訟

In our earlier article, we have introduced grounds for divorce and how the procedure is done in Thailand. If a couple decides to divorce but can’t come to an agreement on more than one issue, they may file a lawsuit before family court.

在我們先前的文章 “泰國離婚須知”有介紹過《泰國民商法》規定的離婚理由以及登記離婚的申請程序。如果在離婚上針對部分議題無法取得共識,可能會採取法律途徑,向泰國家庭法院訴請離婚。


Following is procedure of filing a contested divorce:

以下為在泰國提起離婚官司所需程序:


Preparation and Initiate the Lawsuit 準備及提起訴訟

Identify grounds of divorce and to prepare supporting evidence.

確認可採用的離婚理由並準備相關證據資料。


Prepare photocopy of ID, Tabien Baan, marriage certificate, and children’s birth certificate (if both parties have kids together).

準備身分證、房屋登記簿、結婚登記證,以及小孩的出生證明影本(如雙方共同有小孩) 。


Submit the claims and relevant documents before family court.

向泰國家庭法院提交起訴理由及相關資料。

Relevant Fee 繳交相關費用

Court fee: It must be submitted when filing the case before family court, which is 1,000 baht. If the petition includes claim of property, the amount shall be 2% of the amount, but shouldn’t be more than 200,000 baht.

法庭費用:起訴同時須繳交1千泰銖的法庭費用。如起訴聲明包含財產索賠,法庭費為財產價值的2%,但不得超過兩千泰銖。


Court delivery fee: This expense is to deliver summons to the Defendant. If the Defendant lives in Thailand, the fee is 1,000 baht. If the Defendant lives outside of Thailand, the fee is 5,000 baht.

法庭交付費:此為向被告寄送傳票的費用。如被告住在泰國境內,為一千泰銖;如被告住在泰國境外,為五千泰銖。


Response of Defendant 被告答辯[1]

The Defendant is required to submit his/her statement within 15 days after receiving the summons.

被告應在收到傳票15天內提交答辯。


The Defendant is required to submit his/her statement within 30 days if the summons is not accepted from delivery, either the Defendant refused to take them, or the Defendant can’t be found.

如被告沒收到傳票,應在傳票寄達30天內提交答辯。沒收到傳票的理由為被告拒收或是找不到被告。


If the Defendant failed to submit the argument within the requested period, a default judgment will be made.

如被告沒有答辯,法院會宣布為不履行判決。

Discussion of Children’s Custody 討論小孩的監護權

If the couple has children in common, both parents and children have to present at Juvenile Court to discuss the children’s welfare.

如雙方有小孩,大人及小孩需要在少年法院討論小孩的福利。


If the couple cannot come to an agreement, the officer will make a recommendation and forward this matter to court.

如雙方沒有達成共識,少年法院會提起建議並呈送家庭法院。

Pre-Trial Stage 審前會議

At this stage it will be determinate number of issues to be heard. Also, it is a chance for both parties to submit agreement and settle the dispute.

這個階段會決定要處理的議題,也是雙方提交和解書或是解決爭點的時候。


If no agreement is settled at this stage, a hearing will be announced, which is usually 60 days after filing the complaint.

如果仍未達成共識,一般會在起訴後60天內進行聽證。


Judgment 判決

The judgment usually will be made within 30 days from the last trial.

最後一次出庭後30天內法院會進行裁定。

[1] Legal and Litigation Department, <http://www.bangkok.go.th/law/>


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