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泰國法院制度 Court System in Thailand ⚖️

Updated: Jul 28, 2020

By Tris_T7 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

泰國法院制度:泰國的法院系統分為三層 ⚖️

初審法院(ศาลชั้นต้น); 上訴法院(ศาลอุทธรณ์); 泰國最高法院(ศาลฎีกา)







Court system in Thailand is divided into three (3) tiers. The court of first instance (ศาลชั้นต้น); The court of Appeals (ศาลอุทธรณ์); Supreme Court of Thailand (ศาลฎีกา)

In some cases, there is only one right of appeal from the court of first instance direct to the Supreme Court, bypassing the Court of Appeal. For example, appeals against judgements of the Labor Court, the Bankruptcy Court and the Family Court are generally made directly to the Supreme Court.

Civil Judgement of foreign courts

Thailand has not entered any treaties with any foreign countries for the reciprocal enforcement of civil judgments and therefore no foreign judgement may be directly enforced in Thailand. If a judgment has been given in a court outside Thailand, and it is desired to enforce it in Thailand, then it is necessary to issue fresh proceedings in the courts of Thailand.

The foreign judgement will be admissible as evidence, subject to translate those evidence into Thai language.

Thai court however is subject to give judgement base on the merits of the case.

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