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泰國法院制度 Court System in Thailand ⚖️

Updated: Jul 28, 2020


By Tris_T7 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78713861

泰國法院制度:泰國的法院系統分為三層 ⚖️


初審法院(ศาลชั้นต้น); 上訴法院(ศาลอุทธรณ์); 泰國最高法院(ศาลฎีกา)


在某些情況下,一審法院有直接向最高法院提出上訴的權利,繞過了上訴法院。例如,對勞動法院,破產法院和家庭法院判決的上訴通常直接向最高法院提出。


外國法院的民事判決

泰國沒有與任何外國簽訂任何相互執行民事判決的條約,因此泰國不能直接執行外國判決。如果在泰國以外的法院作出判決,並希望在泰國執行判決,則有必要在泰國法院發布新的訴訟程序。


但是外國判決可以拿來作為證據,並可以將這些證據翻譯成泰語當作參考。

然而,泰國法院可根據案件的案情作出判決。

 

Court system in Thailand is divided into three (3) tiers. The court of first instance (ศาลชั้นต้น); The court of Appeals (ศาลอุทธรณ์); Supreme Court of Thailand (ศาลฎีกา)


In some cases, there is only one right of appeal from the court of first instance direct to the Supreme Court, bypassing the Court of Appeal. For example, appeals against judgements of the Labor Court, the Bankruptcy Court and the Family Court are generally made directly to the Supreme Court.


Civil Judgement of foreign courts

Thailand has not entered any treaties with any foreign countries for the reciprocal enforcement of civil judgments and therefore no foreign judgement may be directly enforced in Thailand. If a judgment has been given in a court outside Thailand, and it is desired to enforce it in Thailand, then it is necessary to issue fresh proceedings in the courts of Thailand.


The foreign judgement will be admissible as evidence, subject to translate those evidence into Thai language.


Thai court however is subject to give judgement base on the merits of the case.



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