• Admin

What You Should Know When Filing Civil Lawsuit in Thailand 在泰國提起民事訴訟須知事項

In our daily life, it is inevitably to face civil disputes such as contract disputes, distribution of inheritance, and unjust enrichment. When deciding to file a civil lawsuit, it’s important to know basic procedure.

我們的日常生活中不可避免發生民事糾紛,像是合約爭議、財產分配、或是不當得利。當決定要提起民事訴訟時,了解基本程序是件非常重要的事。


Following is basic introduction of civil lawsuit:

以下為民事訴訟基本介紹:


1. Determine the right Court to file a lawsuit

確定要向正確的法院起訴


First is to decide whether to start the case at Kwaeng Court or Provincial Court. In our earlier article “Introduction of Different Types of Courts in Thailand” (https://0rz.tw/Yckqd), we have introduced the function of Kwaeng Court and other courts which handle specific kind of civil cases.

首先要決定向地方法院或是省級法院開始訴訟。在我們先前的文章 ”泰國法院介紹” (https://0rz.tw/Yckqd) 有介紹過地方法院以及其他專門處理特定民事案件的法院的功能。


On the other hand, Kwaeng Court is in charges of civil cases that:

另一方面,省級法院處理以下民事案件:

- The amount is more than 300,000 baht;

涉及金額超過30萬泰銖;

- The case isn’t related to money, which the claimant request to cease the disturbance, annoyance or damage;

案件與金錢無關,原告要求停止騷擾、妨礙或損害;

- It’s a non-contentious case, such as requesting court order to determine the incapacitated of a person.

為非訴訟案件,例如請求法院命令確定一個人無行為能力。


In case in a province where there is no Kwaeng Court, the Provincial Court will take the role of Kwaeng Court.

如果一個省沒有地方法院,省級法院會扮演地方法院的腳色。


In addition, normally a lawsuit should be filed to Court within the province where the defendant resides or the place where the dispute happens. It also determines whether there’s an agreement which indicate where to file a lawsuit when there is a dispute. For further information, please check Thai Civil Procedure Code, Section 4(1).

此外,通常案件會在被告所在、或是爭議發生的省提起訴訟。另外,有無合約規定爭議發生時的起訴法院也會決定起訴的地點。如需進一步資訊,請參考《泰國民事訴訟法第 4(1) 條》。


2. Preparing relevant documents

準備相關文件


- Complaint and relevant supporting evidence;

訴狀及相關證據資料;

- Power of Attorney: in case you appoint a lawyer(s);

委託書:如有委任律師;

- Official documents of personal information of defendant(s);

有關被告個人資訊的官方文件;

- Affidavit.

宣誓書。


3. Paying relevant fees

支付相關費用


The relevant fees should be paid include:

有關的費用包含:


- Court fees, which are fees charge by court, being paid when starting a lawsuit or filing an appeal. The court fees for monetary and non-monetary cases are different. There are also some fees required under Thai Civil Procedure Code.

向法院支付的法庭費用,在起訴或上訴的時候支付。金錢及非金額案件的法庭費用不同,《泰國民事訴訟法》也規定其他相關法庭費用。


- Other court fees in civil cases

其他法庭費用


For example, fee for certification requesting judgment or its order shall be 50 baht.

舉例來說,確定判決或命令的核實費為 50泰銖。


- Other expenses: such as witness fees, travel expenses, and appraisal cost.

其他支出:像是證人費、差旅費、以及鑑定費。


According to Section 149 under Thai Civil Procedure Code, if a plaintiff or a defendant is not able to pay its court fees, they may file an application by motion to exempt such fees.

根據泰國民事訴訟法第 149 條,如果原告或被告無法分擔法庭費用,他們可以通過動議提交申請,免除此類費用。


4. General procedure once the documents are submitted

案件提交後的通常程序

Please refer to our earlier article “General Procedure of Thai Civil Lawsuit” at https://0rz.tw/UT4w9

請參考我們之前的文章”泰國民事訴訟一般程序” https://0rz.tw/UT4w9


#泰國民事訴訟 #civillawsuitinthailand #民事訴訟程序 #civillawsuitprocedure #泰國法院 #courtinthailand #泰國民商法 #thaicivilandcommercialcode #thaicivilprocedurecode #泰國民事訴訟法 #IBC法律金融會計事務所 #泰國事務所 #泰國律師 #泰國法律事務所 #泰國中文律師 #泰國會計 #泰國會計事務所 #泰國審計 #IBCFirm #Thailaw #Thailawfirm #thaiaudit #thaiaccountant #thaiaccounting

54 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All

《使用支票產生的犯罪法》規定的處罰被廢除,如果支票開票人有詐騙支票收票人的意圖,法律本身仍然有依據《泰國刑法》第341條懲罰違規者的機制,根據“欺詐”罪處以最高 3 年監禁或不超過 60,000 泰銖的罰款、或兩者併罰。

有下列任何性質或行為,如果銀行拒絕兌現,開票人將被處以不超過六萬泰銖的罰款及/或不超過一年的監禁: 1)打算不支付支票; (2)開立支票時,帳戶沒有金錢; (3)開立支票支付債務時,支付金額高於帳戶金額; (4)從應支付支票的帳戶提取全部或部分金錢,直到剩餘金額不足以開立支票