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Thai Government May Cancel Measure to Detain Instead of Fines 泰國政府可能取消拘役替代罰款的規定

On 8 July 2023, Mr. Anucha Burapachaisri, Deputy Secretary- General to the Prime Minister for Political Affairs as a spokesperson for the Thai Prime Minister’s Office revealed that the Thai cabinet has resolved to review measures to detain instead of fines under the Thai Criminal Code, Section 29 till section 30/3, to be consistent with the principles of the rules of law and human rights, granting a decree to amend relevant laws, taking it as an urgent matter.

2023年7月8日,擔任泰國總理辦公室發言人的總理政治事務副秘書長阿努察先生透露,泰國內閣已決定審查《泰國刑法》第29條至第30/3條以拘留代替罰款的規定,以符合法治和人權原則,下令修改相關法律,視為當務之急。


From Thai Cabinet’s point of view, fine punishment is to enforce the property of the convicted person, but detention is to enforce the liberty of the convicted person, so the former cannot be substituted by the latter. It is a punitive measure that is inconsistent with the rule of law and human rights. On the other hand, if a fine is imposed, there are supporting measures to enforce the property of the accused. In order to create justice and improve the reform of the judicial process, Thai Cabinet decides to assign the Office of the Council of State to consider amending the relevant laws.

從泰國內閣的角度,罰款是為了強制執行被定罪者的財產,而拘留是為了強制執行被定罪者的自由,因此前者不能用後者代替。這是一種不符合法治和人權的懲罰措施。另一方面,如果處以罰款,還有配套措施來強制執行被告的財產。為伸張正義及完善司法程序改革,泰國內閣決定指派國務委員會辦公室考慮修改相關法律。


Thai Cabinet approves three draft sub-laws under the Thai Discretion Act, including Ministerial Bill to Investigate Facts, Gather Evidence and Clarify or Resolve Allegations, Electronic Will Payments Ministerial Bill, and Prime Minister's Office on Will Adjustment Draft provisions of the procedure.

議會批准依據《自由裁量權法》頒布的三項二級法案草案,包含:調查事實、收集證據和澄清或解決指控的部級條例草案、電子遺囑支付部級條例草案、總理辦事處關於遺囑調整程序的規定草案。


The three sub-laws will support the enforcement of the provisions of Thai Discretionary Adjustment Act, as well as speech that will help eliminate prisons for the poor and increase the effectiveness of future laws enforcement.

這三項次級法律將支持執行《自由裁量權法調整法》的規定,以及有助於消除監獄關押窮人的言論,並提高未來的執法效率。


At the same time, if the violator is poor and commits the crime for his livelihood, the law also requires that the disciplinary action be as low as possible, but not less than 50 baht or not lower than the minimum rate prescribed by law.

同時,如果違紀者很窮,且為了生計而犯罪,法律還要求盡可能以低的法律處以紀律處分,但不得低於50泰銖或不低於法律規定的最低比率。


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